How you can control Diabetes with your own

What is diabetes?

A ruthless condition of the metabolism (the chemical procedures that take place within a living organism in command to maintain life) which causes large amount of thirst and also the large amount of production of urine.

Here are some key factors about diabetes:

  • Diabetes is a long-term disease in which blood sugar levels gone high or increased.
  • These are the most common diabetes symptoms in which include¬†intense thirst and hunger, frequent urination, weight gain, unusual weight loss, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet,¬†fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal.
  • Smoking has serious bad effects on health so diabetics should stop smoking.
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) which can have bad effects on the patient. Hyperglycemia (when blood glucose is too high) which can also have bad effects on the patient.

Types of Diabetes:

  1. Diabetes in which immune system destroying cells in the pancreas those cells which makes insulin and destruction of these cells causes diabetes when without enough production of insulin, body leaves to function normally. This type of diabetes are called Type 1 Diabetes and also called auto-immune reaction because in this diabetes or reaction, body attacks itself.
  2. Diabetes which caused by many factors included most common factor family history or genetic diabetes. This type of diabetes is called Type 2 Diabetes. There are many risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes but these are the common factors:
  • Bad Diet.
  • Increasing Age (minimum age should be 40 for Type 2 Diabetes).
  • Obesity.

How you can determine whether you have diabetes or not?

You can determine whether you have a normal metabolism or diabetes in one of three different possible tests:

  • The A1C test
    • At least 6.5% means diabetes.
    • Between 5.7% and 5.99% means pre-diabetes.
    • Less than 5.7% means normal
  • The FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test
    • At least 126 mg/dl means diabetes.
    • Between 100 mg/dl and 125.99 mg/dl means pre-diabetes.
    • Less than 100 mg/dl means normal
    • An abnormal reading following the FPG means the patient has impaired fasting glucose (IFG).
  • The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)
    • At least 200 mg/dl means diabetes.
    • Between 140 and 199.9 mg/dl means pre-diabetes.
    • Less than 140 mg/dl means normal.
    • An abnormal reading following the OGTT means the patient has impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)

Common Symptoms and causes of Diabetes:

  • Disproportionate thirst.
  • Intense hunger.
  • Weight gain.
  • Unusual weight loss.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Irritability.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Cuts and bruises don’t heal properly or quickly.
  • More skin and/or yeast infections.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Gums are red and/or swollen – Gums pull away from teeth.
  • Frequent gum disease/infection.
  • Sexual dysfunction among men.
  • Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands.

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Physical Exercises or Activities by which you can control your Diabetes:

  • Brisk walking.
  • Cycling on relatively flat terrain.
  • Water aerobics.
  • Hiking.
  • Rollerblading.
  • Using a manual lawnmower.
  • Jogging.
  • Swimming lengths.
  • Cycling either rapidly or over steep terrain.
  • Football.
  • Gymnastics.
  • Skipping.

For Further information, check-ups or tests you can make appointment with us @Zclinic.org or you can call us 863.420.7617

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